What and where are the utilities on your lot?
A large cost of an ADU, particularly a detached one like a small structure in your backyard, can be utility hookups. If you have a septic tank, you need to make sure you know where it is and what capacity it has. You’ll also need to connect to existing water and electric lines.
What is your zoning?
To build an ADU, you’ll need to understand what zone or transect (City of Kingston) you are in, what setbacks apply to your lot, and what type of building type you already have on your site. You can find your zoning at the Ulster County parcel-viewer, your Town land use plan, or the Engage Kingston, Kingston Forward site.
What is your budget?
Some of the things you need to consider in your budget are site work (landscape, excavation, utility hookup), construction and design fees (permits, drawings, architects, contractor), material costs (the actual materials). Make sure to include an extra buffer as a contingency. You should think about how you plan to use the ADU and if you will be receiving any income to offset these costs, as well as budget for regular maintenance.
How are you going to use and manage your ADU?
ADUs provide another living unit on your property. You can use this for extended family
or rent it out to any resident. ADUs may not be used as short term rentals in the City of
Kingston. Based on your decision, you’ll need to think about what it takes to be a landlord
and the responsibilities and costs associated with that (advertising the property, legal
paperwork, liabilities, property management and maintenance, etc.).
What’s an ADU?
The term accessory dwelling unit (ADU) refers to all forms of additional units on residential properties and may be either attached (internal) to the primary residence (e.g., basement apartment) or detached (external) from the primary residence (e.g., garage conversion, cottage).
What Do They Do?
- Enable family members (including family caregivers) to reside on the same property while having their own living spaces.
- Provide housing for a hired caregiver.
- Provide rental income to homeowners.
- Help older residents remain independent and “age in place.”
- Provide an adaptable form of housing, ADUs provide flexible solutions for changing needs.